Plan Bleu publications

This section shows the latest Plan Bleu publications related to environment and development in the Mediterranean.

Demographic trends and outlook in the Mediterranean

From 1960 to 2020, population growth in the Mediterranean basin was lower an that of the world as a whole. Nevertheless, the Mediterranean basin  population has experience profound upheavals which are expected to continue up to 2050 due to the significant inertia of demographic phenomena.

Mapping of observatories and observation systems

Observing and monitoring the environment to better understand how it functions and interacts is essential for conducting assessments and supporting decisions. A mapping of national observing systems was carried out in 2020 by a team of consultants from the ‘Laboratoire d’idées Littocean‘. The report and the associated synthesis aim to identify the main stakeholders involved in environmental observing systems and marine and coastal activities, and to synthesize the state of environmental monitoring activities in this field.

Report on the State of the Environment and Development in the Mediterranean (SoED 2019)

The report will present a comprehensive and updated assessment of the status and main sustainability issues related to environment and development in the Mediterranean region.

Cartography of building environmental information

Plan Bleu and LittOcean think-tank studied in detail the organization of the environmental observation system for three countries: Tunisie, Israel and France and drafted a summary entitled “the cartography of building environmental information “. These documents present, at the national level, how environmental information is produced, how institutions are structured and how environmental information sharing is organized.

Other publications of interest to the Observatory

This section offers the latest regional publications related to the observation of the environment and development in the Mediterranean.

Sustainable Development in the Mediterranean Report 2020 -Transformations to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals

The 2020 Report on Sustainable Development in the Mediterranean presents an overview of results achieved for 24 Mediterranean countries extracted from the Sustainable Development Report 2020. It was prepared by a team of experts of the University of Siena – Santa Chiara Lab, as the hosting institution of the Sustainable Development Solutions Network for the Mediterranean Area (SDSN-Mediterranean). The report was coordinated by Riccardo M. Pulselli under the direction of Angelo Riccaboni (SDSN Mediterranean) and the supervision of Jeffrey Sachs (SDSN). Lead writers are Riccardo M. Pulselli, Massimo Gigliotti, Simone Cresti, Angelo Riccaboni (SDSN Mediterranean) and Jeffrey Sachs (SDSN).

Arab Opinion Index 2019-2020

The 2019-2020 Arab Opinion Index is the seventh in a series of yearly public opinion surveys across the Arab world, based on the findings from face-to-face interviews conducted with 28,288 individual respondents in 13 Arab countries: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Egypt, Sudan, Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria and Mauritania. The Arab Opinion Index remains the largest public opinion survey carried out in the Arab world.

Fostering Legal Indicators for Sustainable Development

It is increasingly recognized that effectively enforced environmental law is critical to attaining the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, the SDG global indicator framework, as approved by the UN General Assembly in 2017, has generally overlooked environment specific legal indicators, undermining the role of environmental law in achieving the SDGs. This paper explores ways to foster the use of the suggested indicators for furthering the implementation of SDGs having direct bearing on the legal protection of the environment. This entails refinements to the SDG global indicator framework, conceivably involving the addition of new indicators or the revision of current indicators with a view to advancing the realization of environment-related SDGs.


The SDG portal

The Sustainable Development Goals are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and improve the lives and prospects of everyone, everywhere. The 17 Goals were adopted by all UN Member States in 2015, as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which set out a 15-year plan to achieve the Goals.