Number of National Strategies for Sustainable Development adopted or updated [and number of updates since first edition]
This indicator presents an assessment of national strategies for the Green Economy and Sustainable Development published in Mediterranean countries. According to the United Nations Environment Program, the Green Economy aims “to improve human well-being and social equity while significantly reducing environmental risks and the scarcity of resources”.
Proportion of bank credit allocated to the private sector – Existence of alternative financing systems using bank credit
Domestic credit for the private sector refers to the financial resources provided for the private sector, such as credits, purchase of non-participating securities, trade credits and other accounts that establish a repayment obligation.
Research and development expenditure as a proportion of GDP (SDG Indicator 9.5.1)
R&D expenses include operating expenses and investment (including overhead) spent on creative and systematic activities to increase knowledge. This set includes fundamental and applied research, as well as experimental development work leading to new devices, products or processes.
Number of countries that have clear mechanisms in place for ensuring public participation and guaranteeing public access to environmental information
The indicator focuses on the status of adoption and implementation of constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information.